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coral-killing sunblock



Transcript

SPEAKER 1: Coral reefs can't seem to catch a break. Not only are rising temperatures wreaking havoc with their environment, but emerging evidence suggests that a certain sunblock component in many lotions that may help protect humans from developing skin cancer is a coral killer.

Now, researchers have developed a biodegradable bead that can soak up the sunblock ingredient, oxybenzone, like a thirsty sea sponge. They hope to use the Agent to clean up seawater at the beaches. The researchers are presenting their work at the 254th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Oxybenzone is a common sunscreen ingredient that can cause coral bleaching. Felix Roman and his team from the University of Puerto Rico hope to remove the chemical from seawater using magnetite nanoparticles that are inside an environmentally friendly and cheap matrix. The particles can then be pulled out of the water using a magnet. The matrix consists of materials like alginate, which is derived from algae, and chitosan, which is a waste product of fish.

Then came the fun part. The researchers headed to a local beach to test the beads. An undergraduate in Roman's laboratory, Ana Zapata, slathered herself in oxybenzone containing sunblock and stepped into the ocean. After the sunblock leached into the water, the team collected samples to take back to the lab for testing. There, Zapata ran chromatography experiments on the sample and found an oxybenzone concentration of 1.3 parts per million within 10 minutes of the exposure.

Zapata said that's very high, because concentrations of only parts per billion may be enough to negatively impact coral. Next, the researchers added their beads to the sample. They found that collected seawater samples spiked with oxybenzone at 30 parts per million had 95% of the compound removed within an hour.

In their next set of experiments, Roman's team will be testing volunteers coated in sunblock and swimming in a saltwater swimming pool. Then the researchers will add beads and see how long it takes to remove oxybenzone from the pool. Roman says they'll have to run the experiment multiple times with different amounts of beads, so they can know how many beads it will take to clean a whole beach.

In the future, nets full of these magnetic nano-biocomposite beads behind a boat may help to remove target contaminants, especially in areas near vulnerable coral reefs.
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